Furrer, R. A., Schloss, K., Lupyan, G., Niedenthal, P. M., & Wood, A. (2023). Red and blue states: Dichotomized maps mislead and reduce perceived voting influence. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 8(1).

Lupyan, G.; Uchiyama, R.; Thompson, B.; Casasanto, D. (2023). Hidden differences in phenomenal experience. Cognitive Science. DOI: 10.1111/cogs.13239

Liu, E., & Lupyan, G. (2023). Cross-domain semantic alignment: Concrete concepts are more abstract than you think. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2021-0372

Suffill, E., Schonberg, C., Vlach, H., Lupyan, G. (2022). Children’s knowledge of superordinate words predicts subsequent inductive reasoning. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology.

Nedergaard, J., Wallentin, M., Lupyan, G. (2022) Verbal interference paradigms: A systematic review investigating the role of language in cognition. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 10.3758/s13423-022-02144-7.

Raviv, L., Lupyan, G., Green, C.S. (2022). How variability shapes learning and generalization. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 26(6):462-483. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2022.03.007.

Ahn, S., Zelinsky, G., & Lupyan, G. (2021). Use of superordinate labels yields more robust and human-like visual representations in convolutional neural networks. Journal of Vision 21:13 doi:

Rissman, L., & Lupyan, G. (2021). A Dissociation Between Conceptual Prominence and Explicit Category Learning: Evidence from Agent and Patient Event Roles. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. DOI:10.1037/xge0001146

Ćwiek, Fuchs, Draxler, Asu, Dediu, Hiovain, Kawahara, Koutalidis, Krifka, Lippus, Lupyan, Oh1, Paul Petrone, Ridouane, Reiter, Schümchen, Szalontai, Ünal-Logacev, Zeller, Perlman, Winter. (2021). The bouba/kiki effect is robust across cultures and writing systems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 377(1841): 20200390 DOI:10.1098/rstb.2020.0390

Lewis, M., Borkenhagen, M., Converse, E., Lupyan, G., Seidenberg, M. (2021). What might books be teaching young children about gender? Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/09567976211024643

Perlman, M., Paul, J. Z., & Lupyan, G. (2021). Vocal communication of magnitude across language, age, and auditory experience. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 10.1037/xge0001103

Ćwiek, A., Fuchs, S., Draxler, C. et al. (2021) Novel vocalizations are understood across cultures. Scientific Reports Reports 11, 10108.

Elliott, E., Morey, C. C., AuBuchon, A., Cowan, N., Jarrold, C. R., Adams, E., Attwood, M., Bayram, B., Beeler-Duden, S., Blakstvedt, T., Büttner, G., Castelain, T., Cave, S., Crepaldi, D., Fredriksen, E., Glass, B., Graves, A., Guitard, D., Hoehl, S., … Voracek, M. (in press). Multi-lab direct replication of Flavell, Beach, & Chinsky (1966): Spontaneous verbal rehearsal in a memory task as a function of age. Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science.

Lupyan, G., Rahman, R. A., Boroditsky, L., & Clark, A. (2020). Effects of Language on Visual Perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 24(11), 930–944.

Lupyan, G., Rahman, R. A., Boroditsky, L., & Clark, A. (2020). Effects of Language on Visual Perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 24(11), 930–944.

Thompson, B., Roberts, S. G., & Lupyan, G. (2020). Cultural influences on word meanings revealed through large-scale semantic alignment. Nature Human Behaviour, 1–10.

Lewis, M., & Lupyan, G. (2020). Gender stereotypes are reflected in the distributional structure of 25 languages. Nature Human Behaviour, 1–8.

Perry, L. K., Lewis, M., & Lupyan, G. (2020). Shaping semantic networks with transcranial direct current stimulation. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1747021820936207.

Roebuck, H., & Lupyan, G. (2020). The Internal Representations Questionnaire: Measuring modes of thinking. Behavior Research Methods.

Thompson, W., Perlman, M., Lupyan, G., Sevcikova, Z.S., & Emmorey, K. (2020). A Data-driven Approach to the Semantics of Iconicity in American Sign Language and English. Language and Cognition 12(1) 182-202

Zettersten, M. & Lupyan, G. (2019). Finding categories through words: More nameable features improve category learning. Cognition. 196:104135 DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2019.104135

Davis, C.P., Morrow, H.M., & Lupyan, G. (2019). What does a horgous look like? Nonsense words elicit meaningful drawings. Cognitive Science.. Open Materials

Lewis, M., Zettersten, M., & Lupyan, G. (2019). Distributional Semantics as a Source of Visual Knowledge. Commentary on Kim, Elli, and Bedny (2019). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Open Materials

Lupyan, G., & Goldstone, R.L. (2019). Introduction to special issue. Beyond the lab: Using big data to discover principles of cognition. Behavior Research Methods, 51(4), 1473–1476.

Forder, L., Lupyan, G. (2019). Facilitation of color discrimination by verbal and visual cues. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 148(7): 1105-1123 doi: 10.1037/xge0000560Open materials

Forder, L., Lupyan, G. (2019). Facilitation of color discrimination by verbal and visual cues. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 148(7): 1105-1123 doi: 10.1037/xge0000560Open materials

Sulik, J., & Lupyan, G. (2018). Perspective taking in a novel signaling task: effects of world knowledge and contextual constraint. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 147(11), 1619, 2018

Lupyan, G., Winter, B. (2018). Language is more abstract than you think, or, why aren’t languages more iconic? Proceedings of Royal Society B. 373: 20170137.

Lupyan, G., Lewis, M. (2017). From words-as-mappings to words-as-cues: The role of language in semantic knowledge Language, Cognition, and Neuroscience. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, DOI: 10.1080/23273798.2017.1404114.

Edmiston, P., Perlman, M., Lupyan, G. (2017). The emergence of words from vocal imitations. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. BioRxiv Preprint. doi: Open materials

Perlman, M., Lupyan, G. (2018). The potential for iconicity in vocalization. Scientific Reports. doi: doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20961-6

Samaha, J., Boutonnet, B., Postle, B., & Lupyan, G. (2018). How prior knowledge prepares perception: Prestimulus oscillations carry perceptual expectations and influence early visual responses. Scientific Reports 6606.

Lupyan, G. (2017). How reliable is perception? Philosophical Topics, 45(1), 81–105.

Lupyan, G. (2017). Changing what you see by changing what you know: the role of attention. Frontiers in Psychology

Perry, L.K., Perlman, M., Winter, B.,Massaro, D., Lupyan, G.,  (2017). Iconicity in the speech of children and adults. Developmental Science. doi: 10.1111/desc.12572

Winter, B., Perlman, M., Perry, L., Lupyan, G. (2017). Which words are most iconic? Iconicity in English sensory words. Interaction Studies 18(3) 433–454.

Lupyan, G. (in press). Objective Effects of Knowledge on Visual Perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 43(4):794-806. doi: 10.1037/xhp0000343

Perry, L.K. & Lupyan, G. (2017). Recognizing a zebra from its stripes and the stripes from “zebra”: the role of verbal labels in selecting category relevant information. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience.

Lupyan, G., & Dale, R.A.C. (2016). Why are there different languages? The role of adaptation in linguistic diversity. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 20(9), 649–660.

Goldstone, R.L. & Lupyan, G. (2016). Discovering Psychological Principles by Mining Naturally Occurring Data Sets.. Topics in Cognitive Science, 8(3), 548–568.

Edmiston, P. & Lupyan, G. (2016). Visual interference disrupts visual knowledge. Journal of Memory and Language. Open materials, data, analysis: Exp. 1, Exp. 2.

Lupyan, G. (2016). Not even wrong: The “it’s just X” fallacy. Commentary on Firestone and Scholl. Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

Wood, A., Lupyan, G., Niedenthal, P. (2016) Why do we need emotion words in the First Place? Commentary on Lakoff. Emotion Review. DOI 10.1177/1754073915595103

Lupyan, G. (2015). The paradox of the universal triangle: concepts, language, and prototypes. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. DOI 10.1080/17470218.2015.1130730.

Wood, A., Lupyan, G., Sherrin, S., Niedenthal, P. (2015). Altering sensorimotor feedback disrupts visual discrimination of facial expressions. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, DOI 10.3758/s13423-015-0974-5.

Lupyan, G. (2015). Object knowledge changes visual appearance: Semantic effects on color afterimages. Acta Psychologica. 161, (117–130).

Dingemanse, M.; Blasi, D.E.; Lupyan, G.; Christiansen, M.H.; Monaghan, P. (2015). Arbitrariness, iconicity and systematicity in languageTrends in Cognitive Sciences. 19(10). (603-615).

Perry, L. K., Perlman, M., & Lupyan, G. (2015). Iconicity in English and Spanish and Its Relation to Lexical Category and Age of Acquisition. PLoS ONE, 10(9), e0137147.

Lupyan, G. (2015). The centrality of language in human cognitionLanguage Learning. DOI 10.1111/lang.12155

Perlman, M., Dale, R.A.C., & Lupyan, G. (2015). Iconicity can ground the creation of vocal symbolsRoyal Society Open Science.

Edmiston, P. & Lupyan, G. (2015). What makes words special? Words as unmotivated cuesCognition. 143. (93-100). Open materials.

Boutonnet, B. & Lupyan, G. (2015). Words jump-start vision: a label advantage in object recognition.Journal of Neuroscience. 32(25), 9329-9335.

Lupyan, G. & Clark, A. (2015). Words and the World: Predictive coding and the language-perception-cognition interface.Current Directions in Psychology. DOI:10.1177/0963721415570732

Lupyan, G. & Bergen, B. (in press). How language programs the mind. Topics in Cognitive Science. New Frontiers in Language Evolution and Development.

Lupyan, G. (2014). Language Augments Cognition and Perception by Providing High-Level Hypotheses IEEE 11:1, pp. 7-8. Commentary on Katerina Pastra’s Autonomous Acquisition of Sensorimotor Experiences: Any Role for Language?

Perry, L. & Lupyan, G. (2014). The role of language in multi-dimensional categorization: Evidence from transcranial direct current stimulation and exposure to verbal labels. Brain & Language, 135: 66-72

Kranjec, A., Lupyan, G., & Chatterjee, A. (2014). Categorical Biases in Perceiving Spatial Relations PLoS ONE

Lupyan, G. & Casasanto, D. (2014). Meaningless words promote meaningful categorizationLanguage & Cognition, Available on CJO 2014 doi:10.1017/langcog.2014.21

Casasanto, D. & Lupyan, G. (2015). All Concepts are Ad Hoc Concepts. In Concepts: New Directions. E. Margolis & S. Laurence (Eds.) Cambridge: MIT Press.

Lupyan, G. (2015). Cognitive penetrability of perception in the age of prediction: Predictive systems are penetrable systems In Review of Philosophy and Psychology. DOI 10.1007/s13164-015-0253-4

Mayor, J., Gomez, P., Chang, F., & Lupyan, G. (2014). Connectionism coming of age: legacy and future challenges.. Frontiers in Psychology , 5:, 187. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00187. Introduction to the Research Topic: 50 years after the perceptron, 25 years after PDP: Neural computation in language sciences

Lupyan, G. & Dale, R.A.C. (2015). The role of adaptation in understanding linguistic diversity. InThe Shaping of Language. R. LaPolla & R. De Busser (Eds.).

Lupyan, G. (2013). The difficulties of executing simple algorithms: why brains make mistakes computers don’t. Cognition. 129(3), 615-636

Perry, L.K. & Lupyan, G. (2013). What the online manipulation of linguistic activity can tell us about language and thought. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience.. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00122

Lupyan, G. & Ward, E.J. (2013) Language can boost otherwise unseen objects into visual awareness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 110(35) 1419-201. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1303312110

Edmiston, P. & Lupyan, G. (2013). Verbal and Nonverbal Cues Activate Concepts Differently, at Different Times. In M. Knauff, M. Pauen, N. Sebanz, & I. Wachsmuth (Eds.), Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2243-2248). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Lupyan, G. (2012) Language augmented prediction. Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00422

Lupyan, G. & Mirman, D. (in press) Linking language and categorization: evidence from aphasia. Cortex

Lupyan, G., Mirman, D., Hamilton, R., Thompson-Schill, S.L., (2012). Categorization is modulated by transcranial direct current stimulation over left prefrontal cortex. Cognition,124(1), 36–49. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2012.04.002

Lupyan, G. (2012). Linguistically modulated perception and cognition: the label feedback hypothesis. Frontiers in Cognition, 3(54). doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00054

Lupyan, G., (2012). What do words do? Toward a theory of language-augmented thought.
In B. H. Ross (Ed.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation (Vol. 57, pp. 255–297). Academic Press.

Dale, R.A.C., & Lupyan. G. (2012). Understanding the origins of morphological diversity: The linguistic niche hypothesis. Advances in Complex Systems 15(3): 1150017-1-1150017-16

Lupyan, G., Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2012). The evocative power of words: Activation of concepts by verbal and nonverbal means. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 141(1), 170-186.

Lupyan, G., Swingley, D., (2011). Self-directed speech affects visual processing Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, DOI:10.1080/17470218.2011.647039

Lupyan, G. & Spivey, M.J. (2010). Redundant spoken labels facilitate perception of multiple items. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 72(8), 2236-2253. doi:10.3758/APP.72.8.2236

Lupyan, G. & Spivey, M.J. (2010). Making the invisible visible: Verbal but not visual cues enhance visual detection. PLoS One 5(7), e11452. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011452

Emberson, L., Lupyan, G., Webb, A., Spivey, M.J., & Goldstein, M. (2010). Overheard Cell-Phone Conversations: When Less Speech is More Distracting. Psychological Science. 21(10): 1383-8

Lupyan, G. & Dale, R.A.C. (2010). Language Structure is Partly Determined by Social Structure.. PLoS ONE: 5(1): e8559. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008559

Lupyan, G., Thompson-Schill, S.L., Swingley, D. (2010). Conceptual Penetration of Visual Processing Psychological Science. 21(5), 682-691.

Lupyan, G. (2009). Extracommunicative Functions of Language: Verbal Interference Causes Selective Categorization Impairments. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 16(4), 711-718. doi:10.3758/PBR.16.4.711

Lupyan, G. (2009). Cognitive Influences on Attention. Ed. B. Goldstein, The Sage Encyclopedia of Perception

Lupyan, G. (2008). The Conceptual Grouping Effect: Categories Matter (and named categories matter more). Cognition, 108: 566-577

Lupyan, G. (2008). From Chair To “Chair:” A Representational Shift Account Of Object Labeling Effects On Memory Journal of Experimental Psychology: General137(2): 348-369

Rakison, D.H. & Lupyan, G. (2008). Developing object concepts in infancy: An associative learning perspective. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. 73(1): 1-110

Lupyan, G. & Spivey, M.J. (2008). Ascribing meaning to unfamiliar items facilitates visual processing. Current Biology., 18: R410-R412

Lupyan, G. (2008). Taking symbols for granted? Is the discontinuity between human and non-human minds the product of external symbol systems? Commentary on Penn, Povinelli, & Holyoak. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 31: 140-141. doi:10.1017/S0140525X0800366X.

Rakison D.H. & Lupyan, G. (2008). The development of modeling or the modeling of development? Commentary on Rogers, & McClelland. Semantic Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 31(6): 726

Lupyan, G., Rakison, D.H., & McClelland, J.L. (2007). Language is not just for talking: labels facilitate learning of novel categories. Psychological Science 18(12): 1077-1083.

Lupyan, G (2006). Labels Facilitate Learning of Novel Categories. In A. Cangelosi, A.D.M. Smith & K.R. Smith (Eds.) The Evolution of Language: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference. Singapore: World Scientific. pp. 190-197.

Lupyan, G. & Vallabha, G. (2005). Processing is shaped by multiple tasks: There is more to rules and similarity than Rules-to-Similarity Commentary on Pothos. The Rules versus Similarity Distinction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5)

McClelland, J.L. & Lupyan, G. (2002). Double dissociations never license simple inferences about underlying brain organization, especially in developmental cases. Commentary on Thomas & Karmiloff-Smith. Are developmental disorders like cases of adult brain damage? Implications from connectionist modelling. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25(6): 763-764.

Presentations/Posters (see Vitae for complete list)

Lupyan, G. (2007). Reuniting Categories, Language, and Perception Poster Presented at The 29th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Nashville, TN.
Download poster

Lupyan, G. (2007). Conceptual grouping effects in visual search: categories matter (and named categories matter more). Poster presented at The 7th Annual Meeting of the Vision Sciences Society Sarasota, FL.

Lupyan, G. & Rakison, D.H. (2006). What moves in a mysterious way? A domain-general account of learning about animacy and causality. Paper presented at The 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Vancouver.

Lupyan, G. (2006). Labels Helps us Learn but Makes us Forget. Symposium: Beyond Whorf: How Language Affects Thought. Speakers: Lera Boroditsky, Robert Goldstone, Gary Lupyan, Terry Regier, Debi Roberson. Paper presented at The 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Vancouver.

Lupyan, G. (2006). Labels Facilitate Learning of Novel Categories. The Sixth International Conference on the Evolution of Language. Rome, Italy.

Lupyan, G., McClelland, J.L. (2006). Emergence of quasiregularity in the English past tense as captured by connectionist networks. Symposium: Linguistic Structure and Connectionist Models: How Good is the Fit? Linguistic Society of America Meeting: Albuquerque, NM

Lupyan, G (2005). Carving Nature at its Joints and Carving Joints into Nature: How Labels Augment Category Representations. In A. Cangelosi, G. Bugmann & R. Borisyuk (Eds.) Modelling Language, Cognition and Action: Proceedings of the 9th Neural Computation and Psychology Workshop. Singapore: World Scientific.

Lupyan, G. (2005). When Naming Means Forgetting: Verbal Classification Leads to Worse Memory. Poster presented at the Twenty-Seventh Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society: Stresa, Italy.

Lupyan, G. (2005). Labels Facilitate Learning of Novel Categories. Poster presented at Words and the World: How Words Capture Human Experience: Lehigh University

Lupyan, G. (March, 2004). Language is Not Just for Talking: how linguistic labels help in representing the world. Paper presented at the Fifth International Conference on the Evolution of Language: Leipzig, Germany.

Lupyan, G. & , McClelland, J.L. (March, 2004). Why Irregulars Make Sense: simulating the emergence of exceptions. Paper presented at the Fifth International Conference on the Evolution of Language: Leipzig, Germany.

Lupyan, G. & , McClelland, J.L. (2003). Did, Made, Had, Said: Capturing Quasi-Regularity in Exceptions. 25th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.

Lupyan, G., & Rifkin, I. (2003). Dynamics of Applause: Modeling group phenomena through agent interaction Poster presented at the 25th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (powerpoint presentation of the presentation I gave at a CNBC Brain Bag back in ’02)

Lupyan, G. & Christiansen, M. H. (2002). Case, Word Order and Language Learnability: Insights from Connectionist Modeling. IN Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society p. 596-601). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Lupyan, G. & Christiansen, M. H. (2002). The Case of Cases and Word Order: The Role of Syntactic Cues in the Evolution and Acquisition of Language. Paper presented at The Fourth International Conference on Language Evolution. Cambridge, MA.

Lupyan, G. (2002) The Case of Cases and Word Order: The Effects of Case Systems and Word Order Patterns on Language Learnability. Poster presented at the Cornell Cognitive Studies Symposium: Statistical Learning Across Cognition.


Lupyan, G. (2007). The Label Feedback Hypothesis: Linguistic Influences on Visual Processing. PhD. Thesis. Carnegie Mellon University.