By Category

Click a link below to jump to the category of publications or go to the chronological list:

Language Augmented Cognition (reviews and position papers)
Learning from Language – Distributional Models etc.
Theory and Review: Predictive Coding and Cognitive Penetrability of Perception
Language, Categorization, and Memory
Language and Perception / Top-down effects on perception
Language as an adaptive system / Linguistic Niche Hypothesis
Iconicity and Sound Symbolism
Misc. commentaries and reviews

For full list, please see Gary Lupyan’s Vitae

Language Augmented Cognition (reviews and position papers)

Lupyan, G., Lewis, M. (2017). From words-as-mappings to words-as-cues: The role of language in semantic knowledge Language, Cognition, and Neuroscience. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, DOI: 10.1080/23273798.2017.1404114.

Lupyan, G. (2016). The centrality of language in human cognitionLanguage Learning. 66(3): 516-553

Lupyan, G. & Bergen, B. (2015). How language programs the mind. Topics in Cognitive Science. New Frontiers in Language Evolution and Development. 10.1111/tops.12155

Perry, L.K. & Lupyan, G. (2013). What the online manipulation of linguistic activity can tell us about language and thought. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00122

Lupyan, G., (2012). What do words do? Toward a theory of language-augmented thought. In B. H. Ross (Ed.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation (Vol. 57, pp. 255–297). Academic Press.

Lupyan, G. (2012). Linguistically modulated perception and cognition: the label feedback hypothesis. Frontiers in Cognition, 3(54). doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00054

Learning from Language

Zettersten, M., Bredemann, C., Kaul, M., Ellis, K., Vlach, H. A., Kirkorian, H., & Lupyan, G. (2023). Nameability supports rule-based category learning in children and adults. Child Development.

Portelance, E., Duan, Y., Frank, M. C., & Lupyan, G. (2023). Predicting Age of Acquisition for Children’s Early Vocabulary in Five Languages Using Language Model Surprisal. Cognitive Science, 47(9), e13334.

Lewis, M., Borkenhagen, M., Converse, E., Lupyan, G., Seidenberg, M. (2021). What might books be teaching young children about gender? Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/09567976211024643

Thompson, B., Roberts, S. G., & Lupyan, G. (2020). Cultural influences on word meanings revealed through large-scale semantic alignment. Nature Human Behaviour, 1–10.

Lewis, M., & Lupyan, G. (2020). Gender stereotypes are reflected in the distributional structure of 25 languages. Nature Human Behaviour, 1–8.

Ahn, S., Zelinsky, G., & Lupyan, G. (2021). Use of superordinate labels yields more robust and human-like visual representations in convolutional neural networks. Journal of Vision 21:13 doi:

Theory and Review Papers on Predictive Coding and Cognitive Penetrability of Perception

Lupyan, G., Rahman, R. A., Boroditsky, L., & Clark, A. (2020). Effects of Language on Visual Perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 24(11), 930–944.

Lupyan, G. (2017). How reliable is perception? Philosophical Topics 45(1): 81-106.

Lupyan, G. (2017). Changing what you see by changing what you know: the role of attention. Frontiers in Psychology.

Lupyan, G. (2012) Language augmented prediction. Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00422

Lupyan, G. & Clark, A. (2015). Words and the World: Predictive coding and the language-perception-cognition interface.Current Directions in Psychology. 24(4) (279–284). DOI:10.1177/0963721415570732

Lupyan, G. (2015). Cognitive penetrability of perception in the age of prediction: Predictive systems are penetrable systems In Review of Philosophy and Psychology. DOI 10.1007/s13164-015-0253-4

 Language, Categorization, and Memory

Nedergaard, J., Wallentin, M., Lupyan, G. (2022) Verbal interference paradigms: A systematic review investigating the role of language in cognitionPsychonomic Bulletin & Review. 10.3758/s13423-022-02144-7.

Suffill, E., Schonberg, C., Vlach, H., Lupyan, G. (2022). Children’s knowledge of superordinate words predicts subsequent inductive reasoning. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology.

Rissman, L., & Lupyan, G. (2021). A Dissociation Between Conceptual Prominence and Explicit Category Learning: Evidence from Agent and Patient Event Roles. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. DOI:10.1037/xge0001146

Zettersten, M. & Lupyan, G. (2019). Finding categories through words: More nameable features improve category learning. Cognition. 196:104135 DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2019.104135

Edmiston, P. & Lupyan, G. (2017). Visual interference disrupts visual knowledge. Journal of Memory and Language. 92. (281–292). Open materials, data, analysis: Exp. 1Exp. 2.

Perry, L.K. & Lupyan, G. (2016). Recognizing a zebra from its stripes and the stripes from “zebra”: the role of verbal labels in selecting category relevant information. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience. 10.1080/23273798.2016.1154974

Lupyan, G. (2015). The paradox of the universal triangle: concepts, language, and prototypes. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. DOI 10.1080/17470218.2015.1130730

Edmiston, P. & Lupyan, G. (2015). What makes words special? Words as unmotivated cuesCognition. 143. (93-100). Open materials.

Perry, L. & Lupyan, G. (2014). The role of language in multi-dimensional categorization: Evidence from transcranial direct current stimulation and exposure to verbal labels. Brain & Language, 135: 66-72

Lupyan, G. (2013). The difficulties of executing simple algorithms: why brains make mistakes computers don’t. Cognition. 129(3), 615-636

Lupyan, G. & Mirman, D. (2012) Linking language and categorization: evidence from aphasia. Cortex

Lupyan, G., Mirman, D., Hamilton, R., Thompson-Schill, S.L., (2012). Categorization is modulated by transcranial direct current stimulation over left prefrontal cortex. Cognition, 124(1), 36–49. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2012.04.002

Lupyan, G., Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2012). The evocative power of words: Activation of concepts by verbal and nonverbal means. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 141(1), 170-186.

Lupyan, G. (2009). Extracommunicative Functions of Language: Verbal Interference Causes Selective Categorization Impairments. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 16(4), 711-718. doi:10.3758/PBR.16.4.711

Lupyan, G. (2008). From Chair To “Chair:” A Representational Shift Account Of Object Labeling Effects On Memory Journal of Experimental Psychology: General137(2): 348-369

Lupyan, G., Rakison, D.H., & McClelland, J.L. (2007). Language is not just for talking: labels facilitate learning of novel categories. Psychological Science 18(12): 1077-1083.

Lupyan, G (2005). Carving Nature at its Joints and Carving Joints into Nature: How Labels Augment Category Representations. In A. Cangelosi, G. Bugmann & R. Borisyuk (Eds.) Modelling Language, Cognition and Action: Proceedings of the 9th Neural Computation and Psychology Workshop. Singapore: World Scientific.

 Language and Perception / Top-down effects on perception

Samaha, J., Boutonnet, B., Postle, B. & Lupyan, G. (2018). How prior knowledge prepares perception: Prestimulus oscillations carry perceptual expectations and influence early visual responses. Scientific Reports 6606.

Forder, L., Lupyan, G. (2017). Hearing Words Changes Color Perception: Facilitation of Color Discrimination by Verbal and Visual Cues Journal of Experimental Psychology: General Open materials

Lupyan, G. (2017). Objective Effects of Knowledge on Visual Perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 43(4):794-806. doi: 10.1037/xhp0000343

Lupyan, G. (2015). Object knowledge changes visual appearance: Semantic effects on color afterimages. Acta Psychologica161, 117–130

Wood, A., Lupyan, G., Sherrin, S., Niedenthal, P. (2015). Altering sensorimotor feedback disrupts visual discrimination of facial expressions. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, doi: 10.3758/s13423-015-0974-5.

Boutonnet, B. & Lupyan, G. (2015). Words jump-start vision: a label advantage in object recognition.Journal of Neuroscience. 32(25), 9329-9335.

Kranjec, A., Lupyan, G., & Chatterjee, A. (2014). Categorical Biases in Perceiving Spatial Relations PLoS ONE

Lupyan, G. & Ward, E.J. (2013) Language can boost otherwise unseen objects into visual awareness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 110(35) 1419-201. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1303312110

Lupyan, G., Swingley, D., (2011). Self-directed speech affects visual processing Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, DOI:10.1080/17470218.2011.647039

Lupyan, G., Thompson-Schill, S.L., Swingley, D. (2010). Conceptual Penetration of Visual Processing Psychological Science. 21(5), 682-691.

Lupyan, G. & Spivey, M.J. (2010). Redundant spoken labels facilitate perception of multiple items. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 72(8), 2236-2253. doi:10.3758/APP.72.8.2236

Lupyan, G. & Spivey, M.J. (2010). Making the invisible visible: Verbal but not visual cues enhance visual detection. PLoS One 5(7), e11452. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011452

Lupyan, G. (2009). Cognitive Influences on Attention. Ed. B. Goldstein, The Sage Encyclopedia of Perception

Lupyan, G. & Spivey, M.J. (2008). Ascribing meaning to unfamiliar items facilitates visual processing. Current Biology., 18: R410-R412

Lupyan, G. (2008). The Conceptual Grouping Effect: Categories Matter (and named categories matter more). Cognition, 108: 566-577

 Language as an adaptive system / Linguistic Niche Hypothesis

Lupyan, G., Dale, R.A.C. (2016). Why are there different languages? The role of adaptation in linguistic diversity. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 20(9), 649–660.

Lupyan, G. & Dale, R.A.C. (2015). The role of adaptation in understanding linguistic diversity. In The Shaping of Language. R. LaPolla & R. De Busser (Eds.).

Dale, R.A.C., & Lupyan. G. (2012). Understanding the origins of morphological diversity: The linguistic niche hypothesis. Advances in Complex Systems 15(3): 1150017-1-1150017-16

Lupyan, G. & Dale, R.A.C. (2010). Language Structure is Partly Determined by Social Structure.. PLoS ONE: 5(1): e8559. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008559

Iconicity and Sound Symbolism

Winter, B., Lupyan, G., Perry, L. K., Dingemanse, M., & Perlman, M. (2023). Iconicity ratings for 14,000+ English words. Behavior Research Methods.

Ćwiek, Fuchs, Draxler, Asu, Dediu, Hiovain, Kawahara, Koutalidis, Krifka, Lippus, Lupyan, Oh1, Paul Petrone, Ridouane, Reiter, Schümchen, Szalontai, Ünal-Logacev, Zeller, Perlman, Winter. (2021). The bouba/kiki effect is robust across cultures and writing systems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 377(1841): 20200390 DOI:10.1098/rstb.2020.0390

Perlman, M., Paul, J. Z., & Lupyan, G. (2021). Vocal communication of magnitude across language, age, and auditory experience. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 10.1037/xge0001103

Ćwiek, A., Fuchs, S., Draxler, C. et al. (2021) Novel vocalizations are understood across cultures. Scientific Reports Reports 11, 10108.

Thompson, W., Perlman, M., Lupyan, G., Sevcikova, Z.S., & Emmorey, K. (2020). A Data-driven Approach to the Semantics of Iconicity in American Sign Language and English. Language and Cognition 12(1) 182-202

Davis, C.P., Morrow, H.M., & Lupyan, G. (2019). What does a horgous look like? Nonsense words elicit meaningful drawings. Cognitive Science.

Lupyan, G., & Winter, B. Language is more abstract than you think, or, why aren’t languages more iconic? (2018). Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 373: 20170137.

Perlman, M., Lupyan, G. (2018). The potential for iconicity in vocalization. Scientific Reports. doi: doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20961-6

Edmiston, P., Perlman, M., Lupyan, G. (2017). The emergence of words from vocal imitations. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. BioRxiv Preprint. doi: Open materials

Perry, L.K., Perlman, M., Winter, B., Massaro, D., Lupyan, G. (2017). Iconicity in the speech of children and adults. Developmental Science. doi: 10.1111/desc.12572

Winter, B., Perlman, M., Perry, L., Lupyan, G. (2017). Which words are most iconic? Iconicity in English sensory words. Interaction Studies, 18(3) 433–454.

Dingemanse, M.; Blasi, D.E.; Lupyan, G.; Christiansen, M.H.; Monaghan, P. (2015) Arbitrariness, iconicity and systematicity in languageTrends in Cognitive Sciences19(10), 603–615

Perry, L. K., Perlman, M., & Lupyan, G. (2015). Iconicity in English and Spanish and Its Relation to Lexical Category and Age of Acquisition. PLoS ONE, 10(9), e0137147.

Perlman, M., Dale, R.A.C., & Lupyan, G. (2015). Iconicity can ground the creation of vocal symbolsRoyal Society Open Science.

Lupyan, G. & Casasanto, D. (2014). Meaningless words promote meaningful categorization Language & Cognition, 7(2): 167-193 doi:10.1017/langcog.2014.21

 Misc. commentaries and reviews

Lupyan, G. (2022). There is no such thing as culture-free intelligence. Commentary on Uchiyama, Spicer, and Muthukrishna. Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

Zettersten, M., Schonberg, C., & Lupyan, G. (2020). What does a radical exemplar view not predict? A commentary on Ambridge (2020). First Language,

Lupyan, G., (2019). Language as a source of abstract concepts: Comment on “Words as social tools: Language, sociality and inner grounding in abstract concepts” by Anna M. Borghi et al. Physics of Life Reviews. 10.1016/j.plrev.2019.05.001

Lewis, M., Zettersten, M., & Lupyan, G. (2019). Distributional Semantics as a Source of Visual Knowledge. Commentary on Kim, Elli, and Bedny (2019). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Open Materials

Perry, L.K. & Lupyan, G. (2017). Clarifying the label-categorization link. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience. 10.1080/23273798.2017.1328124

Lupyan, G. (2016). Not even wrong. The “it’s just X” fallacy. Commentary on Firestone & Scholl, Cognition does not affect perception: evaluating the evidence for ‘top-down’ effects. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 39

Casasanto, D. & Lupyan, G. (2015). All Concepts are Ad Hoc Concepts. In Concepts: New Directions. E. Margolis & S. Laurence (Eds.) Cambridge: MIT Press.

Lupyan, G. (2014). Language Augments Cognition and Perception by Providing High-Level Hypotheses IEEE 11:1, pp. 7-8. Commentary on Katerina Pastra’s Autonomous Acquisition of Sensorimotor Experiences: Any Role for Language?

Mayor, J., Gomez, P., Chang, F., & Lupyan, G. (2014). Connectionism coming of age: legacy and future challenges.. Frontiers in Psychology , 5:, 187. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00187. Introduction to the Research Topic: 50 years after the perceptron, 25 years after PDP: Neural computation in language sciences

Lupyan, G. (2008). Taking symbols for granted? Is the discontinuity between human and non-human minds the product of external symbol systems? Commentary on Penn, Povinelli, & Holyoak. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 31: 140-141. doi:10.1017/S0140525X0800366X.

Rakison D.H. & Lupyan, G. (2008). The development of modeling or the modeling of development? Commentary on Rogers, & McClelland. Semantic Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 31(6): 726

Lupyan, G. & Vallabha, G. (2005). Processing is shaped by multiple tasks: There is more to rules and similarity than Rules-to-Similarity Commentary on Pothos. The Rules versus Similarity Distinction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5)

McClelland, J.L. & Lupyan, G. (2002). Double dissociations never license simple inferences about underlying brain organization, especially in developmental cases. Commentary on Thomas & Karmiloff-Smith. Are developmental disorders like cases of adult brain damage? Implications from connectionist modelling. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25(6): 763-764.


Goldstone, R.L. & Lupyan, G. (2016). Discovering Psychological Principles by Mining Naturally Occurring Data Sets.. Topics in Cognitive Science, 8(3), 548–568.

Rakison, D.H. & Lupyan, G. (2008). Developing object concepts in infancy: An associative learning perspective. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. 73(1): 1-110.